World fitness federation   |   World body building federation






BOOK TWO (covering time 1973-1991).

Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.

Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).

Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.


Working on the second book of the “World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia” it came to our mind to underline the “Georg Tenno Memorial” («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) contest. There are many reasons and among them these:

-        When bodybuilding sport in 1973 was prohibited in the U.S.S.R. and Socialist Countries – the “Georg Tenno Memorial” and the “Amber Prix International” (“Gintarinis prizas”, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2002, Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania, Organizer DSc. Edmundas Daubaras) were the only ones regular International competitions in the Socialist World. That was and still is a part of the World bodybuilding history.

-        The “Georg Tenno Memorial” was organized by the “Heart of Estonia Bodybuilding” INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002). Since 1998 until his death he was the president of the National W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. federation.

-        In 1987 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS for several months was working in Tallinn. INNAR MARDO was ill. Then DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) and Estonian INDREK OTSUS (Индрек Отсус) organized the 1987 “Georg Tenno Memorial”.

-        Since the first “Georg Tenno Memorial” and „Amber Prix International“ best bodybuilders of the U.S.S.R. participated at these competitions. For them that was the only one chance to “go to another country regularly” at that time.

Step by step we will write the stories about each of the “Georg Tenno Memorial”. Also we will touch International happenings that were connected with the “Georg Tenno Memorial”.


The topic has been already covered in the first part of the “World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia” (“Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”, «Энциклопедия мирового культуризма»). Nevertheless we will touch several important points again.

The A.A.U. (Amateur Athletic Union) started it’s work in the nineteenth century and for long time it was as a “Sport Ministry” of the USA. American BOB HOFFMAN always was very much connected with the A.A.U. and it’s Chairmen. A department of A.A.U. weightlifting was a member of  F.I.H.C. (F.I.H., Federation Internationale Halterophile; after 1972 I.W.F., International Weightlifting Federation”). At the same time the F.I.H.C. was a member of the I.O.C. (International Olympic Committee). Since 1947 until 1969 F.I.H.C. ruled official World bodybuilding sport. No one other International bodybuilding organization could even try to lead the World bodybuilding. We mean structures like N.A.B.B.A. (National Amateur Body Building Association) association and at that time private I.F.B.B. (International Federation of Body Builders) company. Though the owners of the I.F.B.B. WEIDER brothers JOE and BEN everywhere copied BOB HOFFMAN’s work they had no chances to win. Behind BOB HOFFMAN was the A.A.U. and the F.I.H.C.. Today I.F.B.B. sport historians diminish the work of BOB HOFFMAN in the World’s bodybuilding development because of envy.

In 1959 the F.I.H.C. World weightlifting championship was held in Warszawa (capital of the People’s Republic of Poland). Traditionally since 1947 during every  World weightlifting championship F.I.H.C. organized the World Bodybuilding Championship (“Universe”). It was BOB HOFFMAN who first brought bodybuilding to the Socialist World. First time in the sport history in Warszawa socialist people saw bodybuilders and got really acquainted to bodybuilding. In 1959 the Over All F.I.H.C. “Mr. Universe” was French bodybuilder GUY MIERCZUK.

As F.I.H.C. was the I.O.C. member bodybuilding was understood of two parts – body presentation and physical exercises. We know from sport history that power exercises were used at the competitions in Socialist countries until ninetees of the last century. Czechoslovakia bodybuilders did it even longer.

Nobody had idea why bodybuilding competitions had power exercises. Most thought that during the prohibition of bodybuilding Socialist bodybuilders did power exercises to make negativeness of political Governments not so strong. Nobody thought that all National Weightlifting Federations were members of F.I.H.C. and I.O.C.. All respected the official status of the F.I.H.C. organization and along the weightlifting recognized bodybuilding too. This was how power exercises came and remained in bodybuilding contests so long.

Since that time bodybuilding was growing fastly in the Socialist World. But in 1973 due to political reasions Communist Governments prohibited bodybuilding. Always at the bodybuilding contests power exercises had equal value with the demonstration of the body. It was the reason that after the 1959 F.I.H.C. „Mr. Universe“ weightlifters often participated at the bodybuilding competitions.


First International contest among all Socialist countries was organized in 1966 in Vilnius (Lithuanian SSR). Then the winners were Lithuanians RYTIS MACIJAUSKAS (Ритис Мацияускас), KLEMENSAS ALSAUSKAS (Клеменсас Альшаускас) and Russian IGOR PETRUCHIN (Игорь Петрухин, (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.).

In 1968 during the International contest in Kaunas (Lithuanian SSR) was established first Socialist International Bodybuilding Federation (Visuomeninis T.S.R.S. atletinės gimnastikos (kultūrizmo) komitetas“, «Общественный комитет по атлетической гимнастике С.С.С.Р.»). The Chairmen of the organization were five persons: Lithuanians  VALERIJ KORESKOV (Валерий Корешков), VYTAUTAS ZUMERIS (Витаутас Зумерис); Russians ROMAN MOROZ (Роман Мороз), GENADIJ BALDIN (Геннадий Балдин) and VLADIMIR PETROV (Владимир Петров).

In 1968 two International contests were organized in the Lithuanian SSR – one in Kaunas and another one was the historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2023, Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania). Category winners were Lithuanians KLEMENSAS ALSAUSKAS, LIONGINAS DANILEVICIUS (Лёнгинас Данилявичус) and LEONAS PIVORIUNAS (Ляонас Пиворюнас). The Over All Champion was LEONAS PIVORIUNAS.

In 1971 and in 1972 two U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Championships («Чемпионат С.С.С.Р.) were organized in the Russian Federation (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.). In 1971 category winners were Russians:  ALEKSANDR LEMECHOV (Александр Лемехов) – the first place; VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин) the second place; VLADIMIR CHOMULIOV (Владимир Хомулёв) – the third place.

In 1972 the U.S.S.R. champions were:

-        Low Hight Category

  1. VLADIMIR LIPJAINEN (Владимир Липьянен)
  2. BORIS ZITKOV (Борис Житков)
  3. DMITRIJ CIANEV (Дмитрий Чанев), all from Russian Federation (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.).

-        Middle Hight Category

  1. VALDAS ALIUBAVICIUS (Валдас Алюбавичус, Lithuanian SSR)
  2. SERGEJ KIZIN (Сергей Кизин, Russian Federation)
  3. ALEKSANDR NIKIFOROV (Александр Никифоров, Russian Federation).

-        Highest Category

  1. VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин)
  2. ALEKSANDR LEMECHOV (Александр Лемехов)
  3. VLADIMIR CHOMULIOV (Владимир Хомулёв), all from Russian Federation (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.).

Before the first „Georg Tenno Memorial“ («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) in 1970 the first International contest was organized in Tallinn. Also before the 1973 prohibition of bodybuilding some International competitions were held in the Czechoslovakian SR and in the Peoples Republic of Poland.


At the end of sixties of the last century among all Socialist countries International contests were held in Lithuanian SSR only. First Socialist International contest was held in 1966 in Vilnius. In 1968 International contests were organized Peoples Republic of Poland (first time) and in the Lithuanian Kaunas and Klaipeda. In Klaipeda it was the historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2023). Both in Kaunas and in Klaipeda the Over All Champion was LEONAS PIVORIUNAS (Ляонас Пиворюнас). LEONAS PIVORIUNAS was representing the famous „Vilnius Bodybuilding School“ («Вильнюсская школа культуризма») that was led by talanted CELSLAV TAMULEVIC (Чеслав Тамулевич).

Bodybuilders of the Estonian SSR followed Lithuanians. In 1970 they organized International contest in Tallinn just before the first „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989). Twenty six athletes from Russian Federation (R.S.F.S.R., Р.С.Ф.С.Р.), Lithuanian SSR and Estonian SSR took part at the event.

In Junior categories winners were Lithuanians HENRIKAS BIKINAS (Генрикас Бикинас) and ALBINAS MAGELINSKAS (Альбинас Магелинскас). Main categories were won by Russians VLADIMIR LIPJAINEN (Владимир Липьяйнен), IVAN FREGATOV (Иван Фрегатов) and Estonian ARVO MERE (Арво Мере). At that time a famous heavyweight Russian bodybuilder VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин) lost to ARVO MERE, who was the over All Champion of the contest too.  


This article is based on the documents that were given to the International President W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation) DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) by INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002). INNAR MARDO used to be called “the Soul of Estonia Bodybuilding”). He was the organizer of the “Georg Tenno Memorial” («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) contests, President of the National Federation of Bodybuilding of the Estonian SSR, President of the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Estonian Republic, one of the organizers of the 2001 W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe Championship in Tallinn.

Bodybuilders of four countries participated at the first “Georg Tenno Memorial” – the R.S.F.S.R. (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.), the Estonian SSR, the Lithuanian SSR and the Latvian SSR. The competition was of two parts – posing and power exercises. This system was in all Socialist countries since 1959 F.I.H.C. World Championship (“Mr. Universe”) that was held in Waszawa (People’s Republic of Poland).

Results of the 1971 “Georg Tenno Memorial”:

Junior categories

First hight category

  1. Daugela Kazys, Lithuanian SSR
  2. Vandys Valentinas, Lithuanian SSR
  3. Zvjagin Viktor, (Виктор Звягин), Estonian SSR

Second hight category

  1. Aliubavicius Valdas, Lithuanian SSR
  2. Valge Aare, Estonian SSR
  3. Civilis Paulius, Lithuanian SSR

Main age categories

First hight category

  1. Zitkov Vladimir, (Житков Владимир), R.S.F.S.R.
  2. Kurgpold Ulo, Estonian SSR
  3. Sajkovskij Feliks, (Феликс Сайковский), Latvian SSR

Second hight category

  1. Charkevic Viktor, (Виктор Харкевич), Lithuanian SSR
  2. Smotsujev Valentin, (Валентин Смоцуев), R.S.F.S.R.
  3. Kuzmenko Andrej, (Андрей Кузьменко), R.S.F.S.R.

Third hight category

  1. Dubinin Vladimir, (Владимир Дубинин), R.S.F.S.R.
  2. Lemechov Aleksandr, (Александр Лемехов), R.S.F.S.R.
  3. Chomuliov Vladimir, (Владимир Хомулёв), R.S.F.S.R..

The Over All Winners were:



34 bodybuilders from Latvian SSR, Estonian SSR, R.S.F.S.R., Lithuanian SSR and Ukrainian SSR participated in 1972 at the second „Georg Tenno Memorial“ («Мемориал Георга Тенно»).

Final Results


First Hight Category

  1. GORELIK EUGENE (Евгений Горелик, Jevgenijus Gorelikas), Lithuanian SSR
  3. KIRSIPUU PEEP, Estonian SSR

Second Hight Category

  3. CHARIN ALEKSANDR (Александр Харин), Lithuanian SSR.

At the fifth place was Estonian OLEV ANNUS.

Main Categories

First hight Category

  1. GRIEZE JULIUS, Lithuanian SSR
  2. KURGPOLD ULO, Estonian SSR
  3. MURAUSKAS ALGIS, Lithuanian SSR

Second Hight Category

  1. KRINICKIS RICARDAS (Ричард Криницкий), Lithuanian SSR
  2. SUSLENKOV VLADIMIR (Владимир Сусленков), R.S.F.S.R.
  3. NIKIFOROV ALEKSANDR (Александр Никифоров), R.S.F.S.R.

Third Hight Category

  1. DUBININ VLADIMIR (Владимир Дубинин), R.S.F.S.R.
  2. LEMECHOV ALEKSANDR (Александр Лемехов), R.S.F.S.R.
  3. ZURCEV EUGENE (Zurcevas Jevgenijus, Евгений Журцев), Lithuanian SSR.

All first places in the categories were taken by the representatives of the famous „Vilnius Bodybuilding School“ («Вильнюсская школа культуризма»). Only VLADIMIR DUBININ from Russia was an exception. The same result was also in 1974 at the third „Georg Tenno Memorial“. Chairmen of the „Vilnius Bodybuilding School“ were CESLAV TAMULEVICH (Чеслав Тамулевич) and VITALIJ ASOVSKIJ (Виталий Асовский).

The 1972 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ Over All Champions were:


Main Categories – VLADIMIR DUBININ.


Due to political reasons after 1971 bodybuilding in Socialist Countries was in problems. Finally in 1973 bodybuilding sport was prohibited in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist Countries. Bodybuilding activities were prosecuted. The press was full of negative articles about bodybuilding. Competitions were not organized at that time. But there were some exceptions.

Organizing the 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (1971 – 1989, «Мемориал Георга Тенно») a representative of the Estonian SSR INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002) was the first in all Socialist Countries to break the prohibition of bodybuilding. In 1975 the same did bodybuilding leader of the Czechoslovakian SSR VOJTECH FIALA (Войтех Фиала). Then in 1974 INNAR MARDO and his friends started pressing the polititians of the Estonian SSR.  They presented bodybuilding as a national kind of sport in Estonian SSR. They spoke about old Estonian traditions in power sports, strongmen and wrestling. All remembered such known Estonian sport persons as GEORG LURICH (Георг Лурих, 1876 - 1920), GEORG HACKENSCHMIDT  (Георг Гаккеншмидт, 1878 – 1968), Olympic Champion KRISTIAN PALUSALU  (Kristian Trossmann, Кристиан Палусалу, 1908 – 1987).  Estonian GEORG TENNO(Георг Тенно, 1911 - 1967)  for long years on was working at the high sport offices of the U.S.S.R.. This was in 1971 when Estonians started organizing in Tallinn the International „Georg Tenno Memorial“ («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989) competition. The contest was nearly on regular basis and local governments somehow supported it.

Similar to Estonians did the bodybuilders of Czechslovakia. To hide the real bodybuilding basis they added a number of power exercises in their contests.

In Lithuania competitions were held underground and without public. In 1974 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS organized the fourth historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2022, Klaipeda, Lithuanian Republic). It was held in a city bomb shelter. After this the „Amber Prix“ was organized regularly. In 1976 the International Competition was held in Kalinin (Tver, Russian Federation). The Contest was done in a small city gym. In 1977 an International Contest was organized in a small Lithuanian SSR city Kedainiai and it was held in a small gym too. Lithuanians as well as bodybuilders of other Socialist Countries were hiding the bodybuilding with the power exercises.

In 1974 in Estonian SSR the „Georg Tenno Memorial“ was the only one bodybuilding contest in the U.S.S.R. which was more or less supported by the Government. Though the U.S.S.R. polititians were prohibiting to do this.



Due to political reasons in 1973 bodybuilding was prohibited in the Socialist World. Gyms were closed, competitions not allowed. Many bodybuilders stopped training and organizers left the sport. Due to this in 1973 the „Georg Tenno Momorial“ (1971 – 1989, «Мемориал Георга Тенно») was not organized. The 1974 contest in Estonian SSR was something like a trial – what will happen? The contest was held in public, not underground. Many frightened bodybuilders did not dare to come to Estonian SSR. The organizer of the competition INNAR MARDO (1946 – 2002, Иннар Мардо) was risking as well as the competive bodybuilders. Organizing the 1974 „Georg Tenno Momorial“ INNAR MARDO was the first one in the Socialist World who dared to go against the political bodybuilding prohibition. In 1975 VOJTECH FIALA (Войтех Фиала) did the same in Czechoslovakian SSR. The 1974 „Georg Tenno Momorial“  braked the prohibition of bodybuilding in the U.S.S.R.. If all would  be well, then the Estonians could try it again. Anyway, until DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) organized 1978 „Amber Prix International“ (1968 – 2023, „Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз») in Klaipeda (Lithuanian SSR) -  the „Georg Tenno Memorial“ was the only one public bodybuilding contest in the U.S.S.R.. For all U.S.S.R. bodybuilders this contest was the World Championship, the Europe Championship and the „Mr. Universe“ at the same time.

We do not know what bad happened after the 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial‘ in Estonian SSR, but the Estonians could not organize this competition in 1975.


27 bodybuilders from R.S.F.S.R., Lithuanian SSR, Estonian SSR and Latvian SSR.


First Hight Category

  1. MISIURA ARVYDAS, Lithuanian SSR
  2. KIRSIPUU PEEP, Estonian SSR
  3. OTSUS INDREK, Estonian SSR

Second Hight Category

  3. ARRO ARNE, Estonian SSR

Main Categories

First Hight Category

  1. GORELIK JEVGENIJ (Евгений Горелик), Lithuanian SSR
  2. KURGPOLD ULO, Estonian SSR
  3. TOLSTYCH SERGEJ (Сергей Толстых), R.S.F.S.R.

Second Hight Category

  2. LOBACHOV JURIJ (Юрий Лобачёв), R.S.F.S.R.
  3. ZURENKO JURI (Юрий Журенко), Lithuanian SSR

Third Hight Category

  1. ANNUS OLEV, Estonian SSR
  2. DUBININ VLADIMIR (Владимир Дубинин), R.S.F.S.R.
  3. DUDIN SERGEJ (Сергей Дудин), R.S.F.S.R..

Over All Champions: Juniors SEMION BEREZOVSKIJ, Main Categories PRANAS MURAUSKAS.



Prohibition of bodybuilding sport still was very hard. Due to the prosecution of bodybuilders the Estonians could not organize traditional „Georg Tenno Memorial“ («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989) in 1976. Fare away of public due to the work of DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS the 1976 „Amber Prix“ («Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2023) was organized in a small city of Telshiai (Lithuanian SSR). In 1976 Russians tried to organize the International contest in Kalinin (now Tver, R.S.F.S.R.), but finally ended illegaly at a local gym withour public and without spectators.

The 1976 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ was organized by INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 - 2002). There was an intrique at the 1976 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ between OLEV ANNUS (Олев Аннус, Estonian SSR) and STASYS CUKANOVAS (Стасис Цукановас, Lithuanian SSR). In 1976 the illegal International contest in Kaunas (Lithuanian SSR) was held. The contest was organized outside the city in a subburb facory. Again no public, no spectators. OLEV ANNUS was very huge at this competition but out of definition. CESLAV TAMULEVIC (Чеслав Тамулевич) – the trainer of STASYS CUKANOVAS was preparing his bodybuilder to win at the „Georg Tenno Memorial“ against the Estonian. STASYS CUKANOVAS did his best. When OLEV ANNUS came on the stage all of the present there were in shock. OLEV ANNUS was unbelievably cut. It was the first time in the bodybuilding history of the U.S.S.R. when a bodybuilder used diet. Bodybuilders were in shape only basing o their nature or basing on a tremendous work done at their gyms. For example at the Vilnius „Victoria“ (вильнюсский клуб «Виктория») gym bodybuilders used to do 100 sets in high repetitions that were performed without any rest. Due to OLEV ANNUS a new tomes of the Soviet bodybuilding appeared. Bodybuilders started using diets. The sport was changed basically.


At the contest participated 47 bodybuilders from R.S.F.S.R., Latvian SSR, Lithuanian SSR, Estonian SSR and Ukraine SSR.

Final results


First Hight Category

1. OTSUS INDREK (Estonian SSR)

2. UCKUS BENAS (Lithuanian SSR)

3. KISELIOV ALEKSANDR (Александр Киселёв, Lithuanian SSR)

Second Hight Category

1. DOLGOV BORIS (Борис Долгов, Lithuanian SSR)



Main categories

First Hight Category

  1. GORELIK EUGENE (Евгений Горелик, Lithuanian SSR)
  2. POLIAKOV STANISLAV (Станислав Поляков, Latvian SSR)

Second Hight Category

  1. KRINICKIJ RICHARD (Ричард Криницкий, Lithuanian SSR)
  3. ALEKSENKO ALEKSANDR (Александр Алексенко, Ukraine SSR)

Third Hight Category

  1. ANNUS OLEV (Estonian SSR)
  2. CUKANOVAS STASYS (Lithuanian SSR)
  3. LEMECHOV ALEKSANDR (Александр Лемехов, R.S.F.S.R.)

Over All Winners:

Juniors – INDREK OTSUS, Main Categories – OLEV ANNUS.

More detailed information on the Global International Site, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U.,, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.